Advair HFA makes breathing easier for people with asthma. Be sure to rinse your mouth with water without swallowing after inhalation to help reduce the risk of thrush.
Advair HFA Overview
Advair HFA is a prescription medication used to treat asthma. It is a single product containing 2 medications: fluticasone and salmeterol. Fluticasone belongs to a group of drugs called inhaled steroids. These work by reducing swelling in the airways. Salmeterol belongs to a class of drugs called long-acting beta-agonists (LABAs). These work by relaxing and opening air passages in the lungs, making it easier to breathe.
This medication comes in an inhaler form and is typically used twice a day, in the morning and evening, about 12 hours apart.
Common side effects of Advair HFA include upper respiratory tract infection, throat irritation, hoarseness and voice changes, and thrush in the mouth or throat.
Advair HFA can also cause dizziness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how Advair HFA affects you.
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Uses of Advair HFA
Advair HFA is a prescription medication used to treat asthma, a disease involving inflammation and swelling of the airways.
This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Advair HFA Drug Class
Advair HFA is part of the drug class:
Side Effects of Advair HFA
Serious side effects have been reported with Advair HFA. See the "Drug Precautions" section.
Common side effects of Advair HFA include the following:
- upper respiratory tract infection
- throat irritation
- hoarseness and voice changes
- thrush in your mouth or throat
- viral respiratory infections
- muscle and bone pain
This is not a complete list of Advair HFA side effects. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Advair HFA Interactions
Tell your doctor about all the medications you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Especially tell your doctor if you take:
- medications that block action of a protein in the body (CYP3A4) such as some macrolide antibiotics (clarithromycin, telithromycin), some HIV protease inhibitors (indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir), some HCV protease inhibitors (boceprevir, telaprevir), some azole antifungals (ketoconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole), conivaptan (Vaprisol), delavirdine (Rescriptor), and nefazodone (Serzone)
- monoamine oxidase inhibitors such as tranylcypromine (Parnate), phenelzine (Nardil), selegiline (Eldepryl, Zelapar), isocarboxazid (Marplan), and rasagiline (Azilect)
- tricyclic antidepressants such as trimipramine (Surmontil), amitriptyline (Elavil), nortriptyline (Pamelor, Aventyl), protriptyline (Vivactil), and clomipramine (Anafranil)
- beta blockers such as metoprolol (Toprol XL, Lopressor), carvedilol (Coreg), bisoprolol (Zebeta), betaxolol (Kerlone), nebivolol (Bystolic), propranolol (Inderal)
- non-potassium-sparing diuretics such as bumetanide (Bumex), chlorothiazide (Diuril), chlorthalidone (Thalitone), ethacrynic acid (Edecrin), furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide, HCTZ), metolazone (Zaroxolyn), torsemide (Demadex)
This is not a complete list of Advair HFA drug interactions. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Advair HFA Precautions
Serious side effects have been reported with Advair HFA including the following:
- increased risk of death from asthma problems. People with asthma who take long-acting beta2 adrenergic agonist (LABA) medicines, such as salmeterol (one of the medicines in Advair HFA), have an increased risk of death from asthma problems.
- pneumonia. Advair HFA may increase the chance of getting pneumonia. Call your healthcare provider if you notice any of the following symptoms: increase in mucus production, change in mucus color, fever, chills, increased cough, and increased breathing problems.
- immunosuppression. Advair HFA may increase the chance of getting infections.
- adrenal insufficiency. Adrenal insufficiency is a condition where the adrenal glands do not make enough steroid hormones. This can happen when you stop taking oral corticosteroid medicines (such as prednisone) and start taking a medicine containing an inhaled steroid (such as Advair HFA). When your body is under stress such as from fever, trauma (such as a car accident), infection, or surgery, adrenal insufficiency can get worse and may cause death. Symptoms of adrenal insufficiency include the following: feeling tired, lack of energy, weakness, nausea and vomiting, and low blood pressure.
- thrush. Advair HFA can cause a fungal infection in your mouth or throat. It is important to rinse your mouth with water without swallowing after using Advair HFA to help reduce your chance of getting thrush.
- sudden breathing problems immediately after inhaling your medicine. Call your healthcare provider if breathing problems worsen over time while using Advair HFA.
- serious allergic reactions. Call your healthcare provider or get emergency medical care if you get any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, hives, swelling of your face, mouth, and tongue, and breathing problems.
- effects on the heart. Advair HFA can cause increased blood pressure, a fast or irregular heartbeat, and chest pain.
- effects on the nervous system. Advair HFA can cause a tremor and nervousness.
- osteoporosis. Advair HFA can cause bone thinning or weakness.
- slowed growth in children. A child's growth should be checked often.
- glaucoma and cataracts. Advair HFA can cause eye problems. It is important to have regular eye exams while using Advair HFA.
- changes in laboratory blood values. Advair HFA can cause changes in your sugar, potassium, and certain types of white blood cells.
Advair HFA can cause drowsiness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how Advair HFA affects you.
Do not take Advair HFA in the following situations:
- are allergic to Advair HFA or to any of its ingredients
- have a severe allergy to milk proteins
- treatment of a sudden attack of asthma
Advair HFA Food Interactions
Medications can interact with certain foods. In some cases, this may be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of Advair HFA, there are no specific foods that you must exclude from your diet when receiving this medication.
You should not use Advair HFA if you have a severe allergy to milk proteins. See the "Drug Precautions" section.
Before taking Advair HFA, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions. Especially tell your doctor if you:
- are allergic to Advair HFA or to any of its ingredients
- have heart problems
- have high blood pressure
- have seizures
- have thyroid problems
- have diabetes
- have liver problems
- have osteoporosis (weak bones)
- have an immune system problem
- have eye problems such as glaucoma or cataracts
- have any type of viral, bacterial, or fungal infection
- are exposed to chickenpox or measles
- have any other medical conditions
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant
- are breastfeeding
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Advair HFA and Pregnancy
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.
Advair HFA falls into category C. In animal studies, pregnant animals were given this medication and had some babies born with problems. No well-controlled studies have been done in humans. Therefore, this medication may be used if the potential benefits to the mother outweigh the potential risks to the unborn child.
Advair HFA and Lactation
Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.
It is not known if Advair HFA crosses into human milk. Because many medications can cross into human milk and because of the possibility for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants with use of this medication, a choice should be made whether to stop nursing or stop the use of this medication. Your doctor and you will decide if the benefits outweigh the risk of using Advair HFA.
Advair HFA Usage
Take Advair HFA exactly as prescribed.
Advair HFA comes in an inhaler form and is used twice a day, in the morning and evening, about 12 hours apart.
If you miss a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time. Do not take two doses of Advair HFA at the same time.
Advair HFA Inhaler Instructions:
- Take Advair HFA out of the foil pouch just before you use it for the first time.
- The counter should read 124 or 064 depending on which size inhaler you have.
- Safely throw away the pouch and the drying packet that comes inside the pouch.
- The inhaler should be at room temperature before you use it.
Before you use Advair HFA for the first time, you must prime the inhaler so that you will get the right amount of medicine when you use it.
- To prime the inhaler, take the cap off the mouthpiece and shake the inhaler well for 5 seconds.
- Then spray the inhaler 1 time into the air away from your face.
- Shake and spray the inhaler like this 3 more times to finish priming it.
- The counter should now read 120 or 060, depending on which size inhaler you have.
- You must prime your inhaler again if you have not used it in more than 4 weeks or if you drop it. Take the cap off the mouthpiece and shake the inhaler well for 5 seconds. Then spray it 1 time into the air away from your face. Shake and spray the inhaler like this 1 more time to finish priming it.
Before each use:
- Shake the inhaler well for 5 seconds before each spray.
- Take the cap off the mouthpiece of the actuator. Look inside the mouthpiece for foreign objects, and take out any you see.
- Hold the inhaler with the mouthpiece down.
- Breathe out through your mouth and push as much air from your lungs as you can. Put the mouthpiece in your mouth and close your lips around it
- Push the top of the canister all the way down while you breathe in deeply and slowly through your mouth.
- After the spray comes out, take your finger off the canister. After you have breathed in all the way, take the inhaler out of your mouth and close your mouth.
- Hold your breath for about 10 seconds, or for as long as is comfortable. Breathe out slowly as long as you can.
- Rinse your mouth with water after breathing in the medicine. Spit out the water. Do not swallow it
- Put the cap back on the mouthpiece after every time you use the inhaler. Make sure it snaps firmly into place.
Cleaning your Advair HFA inhaler:
- Clean your inhaler at least 1 time each week after your evening dose. You may not see any medicine build-up on the inhaler, but it is important to keep it clean so medicine build-up will not block the spray.
- Take the cap off the mouthpiece. The strap on the cap will stay attached to the actuator. Do not take the canister out of the plastic actuator.
- Use a dry cotton swab to clean the small circular opening where the medicine sprays out of the canister. Carefully twist the swab in a circular motion to take off any medicine.
- Wipe the inside of the mouthpiece with a clean tissue dampened with water. Let the actuator air-dry overnight.
- Put the cap back on the mouthpiece after the actuator has dried.
When the counter reads 020, you should refill your prescription or ask your healthcare provider if you need another prescription for Advair HFA.
When the counter reads 000, throw the inhaler away. You should not keep using the inhaler when the counter reads 000 because you may not receive the right amount of medicine.
Do not use the inhaler after the expiration date, which is on the packaging it comes in.
Advair HFA Dosage
Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.
The dose your doctor recommends may be based on the following:
- the condition being treated
- other medical conditions you have
- other medications you are taking
- how you respond to this medication
- your weight
- your height
- your age
The recommended dose of Advair HFA for the treatment of asthma in people 12 years of age and older is 2 inhalation twice a day, in the morning and evening, about 12 hours apart.
Advair HFA Overdose
If you take too much Advair HFA, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or seek emergency medical attention right away.
If Advair HFA is administered by a healthcare provider in a medical setting, it is unlikely that an overdose will occur. However, if overdose is suspected, seek emergency medical attention.
- Store Advair HFA at room temperature.
- Keep Advair HFA in a dry place away from heat and sunlight.
- Store Advair HFA in the unopened foil pouch and only open when ready for use.
- Safely throw away Advair HFA in the trash 1 month after you open the foil pouch or when the counter reads 0, whichever comes first.
- Keep this and all medicines out of reach of children.
- Keep all appointments with your doctor.
Advair HFA FDA Warning
Black Box Warning: Asthma-related death
Long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonists (LABA), such as salmeterol, one of the active ingredients in Advair HFA, increase the risk of asthma-related death. A US trial showed an increase in asthma-related deaths in patients receiving salmeterol (13 deaths out of 13,176 subjects treated for 28 weeks on salmeterol versus 3 out of 13,179 subjects on placebo). Currently available data are inadequate to determine whether concurrent use of inhaled corticosteroids or other long-term asthma control drugs mitigates the increased risk of asthma-related death from LABA. Available data from controlled clinical trials suggest that LABA increase the risk of asthma-related hospitalization in pediatric and adolescent patients.
When treating patients with asthma, only prescribe Advair HFA for patients not adequately controlled on a long-term asthma control medication, such as an inhaled corticosteroid, or whose disease severity clearly warrants initiation of treatment with both an inhaled corticosteroid and a LABA. Once asthma control is achieved and maintained, assess the patient at regular intervals and step down therapy (e.g., discontinue Advair HFA) if possible without loss of asthma control and maintain the patient on a long-term asthma control medication, such as an inhaled corticosteroid. Do not use Advair HFAfor patients whose asthma is adequately controlled on low- or medium-dose inhaled corticosteroids.