(RxWiki News) It doesn't just help you feel rested — sleep is important for your overall health and well-being.
That's why it's important to make sure you're getting high-quality sleep every night. For help, check out the sleep health tips below.
How to Improve Your Sleep
To improve your sleep, try these seven simple and healthy sleep habits:
1. Set and stick to a sleep schedule. Go to bed and wake up at the same time every day. This includes weekends and holidays.
2. Avoid drinks and foods that may keep you awake. Avoid caffeine, alcohol and nicotine. Be mindful that there may be caffeine in some unexpected foods, beverages and medications. Avoid these items for at least four to six hours before bedtime, if possible.
Eating a big meal right before bed can keep you awake. In addition, avoid drinking too much liquid before bed. Drinking too much may cause you to get up several times during the night to use the restroom. In terms of alcohol, you may think alcohol makes you feel tired, but it may actually disrupt your sleep throughout the night.
3. Create a comfortable sleeping environment. This may mean turning down the temperature, turning off the TV, avoiding electronics and making the room dark. Avoid bringing computers, iPads, TVs or work into the bedroom. The bedroom should be reserved for sleep. Furthermore, make it a point to stop using your electronics at least 30 minutes before bedtime. The light from your cell phone can actually stimulate your brain.
4. Get ready for bed. Engage in activities that will tell your body it is time to relax. This may include taking a bath or listening to soothing music.
5. Avoid taking naps during the day. Taking long daytime naps can affect your ability to fall asleep when it's actually time to go to bed. If you decide to take a nap, make sure your nap does not exceed 30 minutes.
6. Exercise. Physical activity can promote sleep. However, you need to pay attention to what time you exercise. Try to avoid exercising too late in the day. If you exercise too late in the day, you may have trouble falling asleep.
7. Go to bed when you are actually sleepy. It can be very frustrating if you struggle to fall asleep. So if you don’t fall asleep after 20 minutes, try getting out of bed. Head to another room and engage in a relaxing activity. And whatever you do, do not look at the clock. This can make matters worse. Instead, turn the clock around. When you notice your eyelids drooping, return to bed and give sleep another shot.
Over-the-Counter Sleep Aids
If the above sleep habits don't do the trick, you may be tempted to turn to over-the-counter sleep aids. Although sleep aids can help you fall asleep on occasional sleepless nights, there are a few things to consider.
The fact that these sleep aids contain an antihistamine can pose several problems:
- If you take a sleep aid that contains an antihistamine, this may be an issue if you are already taking an antihistamine to treat allergies. Taking two antihistamines results in duplicate therapy and can lead to unwanted side effects.
- Taking these types of sleep aids for a long period of time can lead to tolerance to the sedative effects of antihistamines. This means that, the longer you take them, the less likely they are to make you sleepy.
- Taking these types of sleep aids can result in grogginess the next morning, which can be dangerous for some people, especially the elderly.
- Besides sedation, side effects of antihistamines include dry mouth, dry eyes, blurred vision, constipation, dizziness and even irritability. These medications can cause urinary retention that can even lead to urinary tract infections. These side effects can pose several problems in the elderly and, therefore, should be used with caution.
- Just because these sleep aids are found over the counter does not mean they don't pose a risk of medication interactions. These medications can interact with other medications you are taking.
Always speak to your doctor or pharmacist before taking a new product.
When to See Your Doctor
It is normal to have an occasional sleepless night, but if you find yourself having trouble falling asleep or staying asleep on a regular basis, speak to your doctor. Certain health conditions could be affecting your sleep patterns. Furthermore, certain prescription medications can help you fall asleep or stay asleep.